Concrete Driveway Restoration Options

Semco Florida

Concrete driveways are incredibly popular because of their durability and aesthetic smoothness. They easily beat out an asphalt driveway in the looks department. But if allowed to go without maintenance or repair for too long, a concrete driveway can take on a drab appearance that sucks the life out of your home or business’s curb appeal. And cracking, spalling and crumbling concrete are not just an eyesore, they are also safety hazard that can cause falls and even damage cars and machinery. If you are dealing with a dilapidated concrete driveway and need some direction about concrete driveway restoration options, continue reading below.

Concrete Overlay for Driveways

concrete driveway resurfacing and restoration

This is an example of a resurfaced driveway with X-Bond Seamless Stone.

A concrete overlay is a great way to restore a concrete driveway for relatively cheap. The overlay process is rather simple. First, the surface is thoroughly cleaned and then a concrete overlay product is applied. This overlay is sometimes called a micro-topping or thin overlay depending on where and how it is used. Concrete overlays are generally more durable than micro-toppings, so if your driveway takes a good deal of traffic or is exposed to the elements, overlays are the way to go.

Concrete Resurfacer

A concrete driveway resurfacing product is a little more durable than a micro-topping or an overlay. Driveway resurfacing systems are usually intended to do more than just freshen up the appearance of the concrete surface. Prior to applying a concrete resurfacing system, all concrete cracking or concrete spalling are bridged or repaired. Then the concrete resurfacer is applied and allowed to dry and take hold. From there, a concrete sealer is used to waterproof and protect the new concrete driveway from the elements.

Decorative Concrete Driveway

One of the great things about using concrete overlays or resurfacing systems on your old concrete driveway is that it gives you a chance to add some decorative novelty to your driveway. Instead of the boring old white or grey concrete color, concrete resurfacing products come in a variety of finishes that can be laid in patterns.

Resurfacing vs. Concrete Driveway Removal

If you have an old concrete driveway, you have probably wondered about the possibility of replacing it entirely. Driveway removal and replacement used to be a very common technique in the driveway repairing industry. But it is not cheap. According to data collected by Angie’s list, a driveway costs anywhere between $6,000 and $10,000 to tear up and replace.

Driveway removal has its advantages in cases of severely damaged concrete driveways, but in other cases, it is less cost effective than using an overlay or resurfacing product, which can both repair and refinish light and moderately damaged driveways to a new decorative look.

Driveway resurfacing has a number of other advantages beyond the economic. If you are worried about the environmental impact of your home improvements, resurfacing not only costs less, it is much more sound in terms of environmental cost. The driveway removal process requires a lot of work, machinery and disposal that resurfacing does not.

Resurfacing your driveway is also a considerably less time consuming way to restore a driveway. There is no drilling, demolition or even grinding. All you have to do is ensure that the surface is clean, any major cracks are bridged, and then the resurfacing solution is applied.

Driveway Restoration with Semco Florida

Florida driveways take a relentless beating from the sun and the elements and concrete removal companies make a lot of money replacing driveways that might not even need it. If you think that your driveway needs to be removed, consider resurfacing before you go tearing up your driveway. Learn more about driveway restoration with Semco Florida here. o

Can You Install New Flooring over Old Flooring?

Semco Florida

Homeowners and businesses looking to save a few bucks on remodeling and renovation often wonder if there is a cheaper way to update flooring without having to replace it. After all, flooring is a large chunk of the cost associated with a remodel. And as many know, flooring choices have the potential to make or break a room’s décor. We have covered some ideas of how to update or hid ugly tiles and other flooring, but in this installment, we will cover how the Semco product allows you to install a new seamless floor over your old flooring.

Can you put new flooring over old flooring?

Yes. And there are many ways in which this can be done. But before you make the final decision to cover your old flooring rather than replace it, take a few things into consideration. If your floor is supported by a subfloor, you may want to remove the old flooring in order to inspect and repair any damaged subflooring elements. If your flooring is on a hard foundation, removing it gives you the chance to inspect for any foundation cracking. If you are confident with the state of your subfloors and foundation, then installing new flooring over the old flooring is the most cost-effective way to update your flooring.

New flooring over existing tile

update floor tile without removing them with SEMCO

The Semco Remodel without Removal system can cover a variety of flooring types without having to remove it.

Tile flooring is perhaps the most used types of flooring. You will be hard pressed to find a home or business that does not use tile flooring in some way. Tile flooring replacement can be extremely expensive, dirty and time consuming. This makes tile flooring great candidate for a remodel without removal solution. There are two ways to put new flooring over ceramic tile:

Use new tiles to tile over existing tile: Learn more how to do this here.


Resurface tile floor with a floor resurfacing solution like Semco. You can learn how to do this here.

New Flooring over Hardwood

Hardwood floors wear out over time and are prone to several issues like cupping, buckling and varnish peeling. There are three choices in the case of old, worn out hardwood flooring. You can refinish, remove and replace, or cover the old floor with new flooring. Refinishing old wood floors is great if you just have a few surface scratches and mild scuffs and marks. Removing and replacing is the most expensive and is recommended if the wood flooring is unsalvageable. You can cover your old hardwood floors with new hardwood flooring, or you can use a flooring solution like Semco’s Remodel without Removal to cover your old hardwood flooring. The Semco system binds at the molecular level to any  surface and creates a seamless surface that is great for a variety of residential and commercial applications.

New flooring over concrete

Damaged and cracking concrete is unsightly and can be a safety hazard. Concrete resurfacing is a process that involves repairing the damaged concrete and adding a layer of concrete micro topping over the old concrete surface. The advantages of this include reduced cost and the ability to customize your concrete with decorative designs, polishes and finishes. Learn more about concrete resurfacing here.

Cover old flooring with Semco Remodel Without Removal

With Semco Florida’s remodel without removal flooring solution, you get the ability to cover your old flooring without having to incur the cost of removing the old flooring material. Semco’s system can go over tile, laminate, vinyl, hardwood, concrete, stone and more. It is great in all types of areas, garages, patios, pool decks, bathrooms, living rooms, kitchens commercial applications and more. Contact us today to get started on your flooring remodel.

Spalling Concrete: How to Identify and Fix

Semco Florida

Do you have a concrete surface that is flaking and chipping like old paint? This is commonly known as spalling concrete and it is a

image of spalling concrete

Spalling concrete is a result of chemical and physical process.

source of great irritation to homeowners, businesses, builders and city municipalities. Here we go over in detail what spalling concrete is and how you can go about fixing it and restoring your concrete surface to a presentable state.

What is Spalling Concrete?

Before understanding what concrete spalling is, it is helpful to understanding what a spall is. A spall is defined as flakes or chips of surface material that have come off a larger solid body. Spalling can happen to almost any artificial surface, and concrete is certainly not exempt.

The symptoms of spalling concrete are the flaking, chipping and large chunks that you see missing from your concrete surface, exposing the coarse, rocky concrete aggregate. Those are the symptoms, but spalling concrete is a little more complex than just surface level appearance. Concrete spalling is the result of chemical and physical process that are happening within the concrete itself. It is a relatively common problem with a number of causes varying from how the concrete was mixed to environmental conditions.

What Causes Spalling Concrete?

Here is a brief list of the things that can cause spalling concrete.

1. Corrosion of rebar. Water that permeates an unsealed concrete surface can causes the corrosion of the rebar. The rust from the rebar occupies more space than the original rebar, causing a pressure buildup and consequently, a spall.

2. Freeze and thaw cycle. This is a very common problem in northern states, in which water that has penetrated to concrete freezes, expands, puts pressure on the concrete, and over enough cycles causes it to spall.

3. An alkali silica reaction. This type of reaction results from a reaction that occurs between the reactive silica found in concrete aggregates and the alkaline cement pastes. This reaction causes increased pressure in the concrete, swelling and ultimately spalling.

Can Concrete Spalling be Prevented?

As we have seen, most concrete spalling occurs as a result of moisture getting into the concrete and either causing corrosion or swelling. In other cases, spalling occurs as a result of poor concrete mixing methods. This is much less common. The most effective way to prevent concrete spalling is to use a concrete waterproof sealant to stop water from getting in where it can cause damage.

Can concrete Spalling be Repaired?

If your concrete has already succumbed to spalling, don’t worry, you can repair it. The type of repair and the work involved depends on where the concrete spall is located, how deep it is, whether is is on a vertical or horizontal surface and if there is any exposed rebar.

Concrete Wall Spalling Repair

If you have spalling in a basement wall or other vertical concrete surface, the fix can be a little involved. To fix a concrete wall that is spalling, you first need to cut into the concrete around the spalled area. Make the cut about three-eighths of an inch deep with a circular saw.

Next, use a hammer and chisel to remove the concrete from the cut area. This step should expose the reinforced steel bars.

Break away any concrete attached to the rebar.

The rebar will likely be rusted. Remove any rust with a wire brush until you reveal an unrusted surface. To prevent further corrosion and spalling, paint the bars with an anti-rust paint.

The final step is to add the new concrete. Make sure to pack the concrete well into the hole so that no gaps appear which could weaken the wall.

Repair Concrete spalling on a Horizontal Surface

Spalling concrete on a horizontal surface like a driveway or sidewalk is not only an aesthetic problem, it is a safety hazard. Spalling on a concrete driveway or sidewalk may require a more comprehensive solution to ensure that it does not return. The most common method for repairing spalling in horizontal surfaces is to resurface and seal the surface with a resurfacing solution. The advantage of using this method is that it not only repairs the spalling concrete, but prevents spalling issues from returning.

How do you fix spalling concrete on driveways and diagram of concrete resurfacing systemsidewalks?

Some people mistakenly believe that you need to completely remove the old concrete and repour new concrete to fix and prevent concrete spalling on driveways or sidewalks. Fortunately, repairing concrete spalling is often much easier and cheaper than that.

Spalling concrete is usually fixed with a cement and concrete resurfacing overlay. A good concrete resurfacing product like Semco concrete resurfacer can fill in cracks, repair gaps and resurface the concrete without having to remove it. After the concrete is resurfaced, to prevent further spalling it is recommended that a waterproof concrete sealing system is used.

Repair Concrete Spalling by Resurfacing

Concrete resurfacing is used to repair and revitalize concrete surfaces suffering from stuff as minor as stains and light corrosion due to the elements, to more structural issues like spalling.

Concrete spalling can be patchy or can cover the entire extent of the surface. In cases of isolated spalling, a localized patching solution might be suitable. In cases where the spalling is more extensive, you may want to consider a resurfacing solution. Concrete resurfacing systems are designed to cover cracks, spalling and other imperfections with a durable mechanically bonded microcement. The concrete resurfacing product is then sealed to ensure that you do not have a repeat of the spalling. What is great about this option too is that you can incorporate decorative finishes depending on your beautifying goals.

What is Concrete Resurfacing?

Semco Florida

If you pay any attention to home improvement topics, then you may be familiar with something that’s known simply as “concrete resurfacing.” Concrete resurfacing is a process that involves the cleaning, repairing and resurfacing of old and worn concrete surfaces. Let’s take a look at each of these steps in detail to get a better understanding of the process and whether it is right for you.image of decorative concrete resurfacing solution

Step 1. Cleaning the concrete surface

The first step in any concrete refinishing or resurfacing project is to ensure that the surface is clean and free of dust and debris. This ensures that the new concrete overlay resurfacing material creates a solid and strong bond to the old surface. This step ensures that you don’t need to go back and repair poorly bonded resurfacing material. It saves time and money in the long run.

Before resurfacing, concrete is usually cleaned with a concrete cleaner solution. A pressure or power washer might also be used.

Step 2. Repair Broken and Crumbling Concrete

semco fl concrete crack repairFractures and cracks in a concrete surface are often the reason people consider resurfacing or replacement. Before the actual resurfacing material is applied, and after the cleaning process, any cracks in the concrete should be repaired. In most instances, cracked concrete is repaired by a process of layered concrete filling and fabric reinforcement. The amount of filling and fabric reinforcement depends on the size and condition of the cracks. Most filling and fabric crack repairs can repair cracks in concrete up to ¼”. If the crack is any larger, a heavy-duty concrete crack repair solution may be needed prior to resurfacing.

In some cases, the concrete surface is too damaged to resurface, especially if it is sinking due to soil issues. In that case, the best solution may be to replace the concrete completely.

Step 3. Resurfacing the Concrete

After the concrete is cleaned and any cracks are repaired, the last step is to actually resurface the concrete with a resurfacing product. The resurfacing material is poured onto the cleaned and repaired concrete and spread over the area to be resurfaced using special surfacing tools. It is spread to create a smooth finish and inspected for evenness.

Some things to consider before resurfacing your concrete

So now that you know the general process of concrete refinishing and resurfacing, you can start to plan your own project. Before you do so, take some time to consider what you want to get out of concrete resurfacing. Do you want cheap and easy, or something more durable and long lasting? Are you looking to add some decorative concrete or colors to your surface? Some concrete resurfacers, like SEMCO resurfacing products, come in a variety of surface textures, polishes and finishes. Another thing to take into account is if you need or want some slip resistant coatings. Semco ADA Safety flooring is perfect if you need a concrete area like a pool deck, bathroom or lockeroom to be ADA compliant. Finally, there are some applications that need both durability and chemical resistance, like garages and even driveways. If you need a durable, chemical resistant surface, make sure that the resurfacing product that you use is suited for the job. Check the surface strength limitations and chemical resistant properties of any concrete resurfacer before you purchase.

Is Your Walkway or Driveway Due for Resurfacing Work?

Concrete that is no longer new can start to take on a fatigued and dull appearance. If you have a walkway or driveway at home that’s due for a bit of a “facelift,” then resurfacing may be the right answer for it. If you have a concrete surface that’s ready for resurfacing work, you may notice a couple of things. You may see all sorts of unsightly splits and flaws everywhere. You may notice an abundance of weeds popping up everywhere as well. If your concrete no longer is visually appealing, then resurfacing may be able to turn things around for it and for your property in general.

The Many Advantages of the Resurfacing of Concrete

Resurfacing concrete can be a terrific thing for your outdoor property in many diverse ways. Resurfacing work, first and foremost, is highly economical. Other concrete restoration solutions tend to cost a lot more. Resurfacing does not require demolition or removal of concrete floors . It doesn’t call for the assistance of overwhelming numbers of contractors all at the same time. That’s why it’s a technique that can be terrific for people who wish to reduce their expenses dramatically but still get a beautiful new concrete surface.

Do I Have a Surface That’s Fit for Resurfacing Work?

Resurfacing concrete is great for a variety of applications. Concrete driveways are a great candidate for resurfacing as long as they are not structurally compromised. Old walkways and sidewalks are also a great prospect for resurfacing. Another great application for concrete resurfacers is garage flooring. Garages take a lot of wear and tear and need a strong, chemical resistant surface to keep up. Make sure that the resurfacing product you use is up to the task.

Resurfacing Concrete with Semco Florida Surface Solutions

The Semco Florida product line features a number of concrete resurfacing solutions for a variety of needs and applications. For garages, driveways, sidewalks and more, Semco can help you resurface your concrete. From ADA Safety Flooring concrete solutions to crack bridging and repair to decorative concrete resurfacing, Semco has a product for your project. Contact us and tell us about you resurfacing project. We are happy to help in any way we can.

Frequently Asked Questions about Concrete Resurfacing with Semco FL

Semco Florida

All things wear out over time. Even concrete surfaces succumb to the ravages of time and erosion of water, wind and even the sun. The sun and salt water soaked air here in Florida takes an especially heavy toll on concrete surfaces. Before you go ripping up your concrete slab, consider a concrete resurfacer to return old concrete to new life. Below we answer a few common questions about concrete resurfacing in Florida.

1. What is Concrete Resurfacing?

Concrete resurfacing is an affordable alternative to concrete removal and demolition. Instead of ripping up an entire concrete slab and pouring new concrete, concrete resurfacing treats the top layer of concrete. In concrete resurfacing, minor cracks and damage are repaired and filled and a new top surface is applied called a concrete overlay. The concrete overlay bonds to the original concrete substrate at the molecular level making it strong and durable.

2. How much does concrete resurfacing cost?

The cost of applying a concrete resurfacer depends on a number of factors including size of area to be resurfaced, ease of access, whether it is interior or exterior concrete. But it is always considerably cheaper to resurface your concrete than to remove and replace it.

3. When is the best time to resurface concrete?

There is no agreed upon “best time” to resurface your concrete. Any exterior concrete work should be done in dry conditions and above freezing temperatures. These two requirements are dependent upon your location.

4. How long does Concrete Resurfacing last?

Concrete resurfacing will last as long as the concrete that it overlays. The special molecular bond that is created between the concrete substrate and the new concrete overlay ensures that there is a seamless continuation of structure from concrete to bond to resurfacer.

4. What does concrete resurfacer look like?

Some concrete resurfacing looks the same as the original concrete, others , like Semco’s X-Bond Seamless Stone come in a variety of polishes, and colors for you to choose from.

5. Can you resurface a driveway?

Of course! And it can be done decoratively too. Driveway resurfacing is a great alternative to concrete demo and removal. No need to rip up old concrete. And the time required for concrete resurfacing is far less than the days and weeks that it sometimes takes to remove, pour, set and dry a new concrete driveway.

6. Can you resurface concrete for ADA Compliance?

You sure can. With Semco ADA Safety Flooring, you can make your concrete surface ADA compliant for pool decks, sidewalks and more.

7. Should I resurface my concrete floor?

It depends on the state of the concrete. If the concrete is badly damaged, sinking due to foundational issues, concrete replacement might be the best choice. But if the cracks are minor, then resurfacing is a much better bet.

8. Does concrete resurfacer come as a decorative concrete overlay?

Yes! With Semco concrete resurfacing products, you get a variety of colors, polishes and finishes to choose from. And you can even use the colors and finishes to create decorative designs and patters on you concrete surface.

9. How do I get started with concrete resurfacing?

If you are interested in concrete resurfacing, Semco FL can help you get the right resurfacing solution for your project. Contact us to get started on your new concrete surface. We look forward to hearing from you.


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